Butterfly Listing by Common Name (Family Nymphalidae)


With about 6000 species worldwide, the morphological diversity within the brushfoots is immense. There have been decades of debates about how to classify the group and what traits are important and useful. For our purposes, the uniting characteristic of the brushfoots is the reduction of the front pair of legs into small, brush-like appendages that serve no real function, rather like the human appendix or tailbone. As a result, while they still have 3 pairs of legs (an insect characteristic), only two of those leg pairs are actually functional. Brushfoots are some of our largest and recognizable butterflies, including the monarch (Danaus plexippus), painted lady (Vanessa cardui), California tortoiseshell (Nymphalis californica), and mourning cloak (Nymphalis antiopa).

Speyeria atlantis irene Atlantis Fritillary
Speyeria atlantis irene
Chlosyne lacinia Bordered Patch
Chlosyne lacinia
Junonia coenia Buckeye
Junonia coenia
Phyciodes orseis herlani California Crescent
Phyciodes orseis herlani
Coenonympha tullia california California Ringlet
Coenonympha tullia california
Adelpha bredowii californica California Sister
Adelpha bredowii californica
Nymphalis californica California Tortoiseshell
Nymphalis californica
Speyeria callippe juba Callippe Fritillary
Speyeria callippe juba
Speyeria callippe ssp. Callippe Fritillary
Speyeria callippe ssp.
Speyeria coronis Crown Fritillary, Coronis Fritillary
Speyeria coronis
Euphydryas editha Edith's Checkerspot
Euphydryas editha
Polygonia faunus Faun, Green Comma
Polygonia faunus
Phyciodes campestris campestris/montana Feather River Crescent
Phyciodes campestris campestris/montana
Phyciodes campestris campestris Field Crescent
Phyciodes campestris campestris
Speyeria egleis Great Basin Fritillary, Egleis Fritillary
Speyeria egleis
Coenonympha tullia ampelos Great Basin Ringlet, East Slope Ringlet
Coenonympha tullia ampelos
Cercyonis sthenele silvestris Great Basin Wood Nymph
Cercyonis sthenele silvestris
Agraulis vanillae Gulf Fritillary
Agraulis vanillae
Chlosyne hoffmanni Hoffmann's Checkerspot
Chlosyne hoffmanni
Speyeria hydaspe Hydaspe Fritillary
Speyeria hydaspe
Oeneis chryxus ivallda Ivallda Arctic
Oeneis chryxus ivallda
Thessalia leanira Leanira Checkerspot
Thessalia leanira
Speyeria cybele leto Leto Fritillary
Speyeria cybele leto
Limenitis lorquini Lorquin's Admiral
Limenitis lorquini
Nymphalis milberti Milbert's Tortoiseshell
Nymphalis milberti
Danaus plexippus Monarch
Danaus plexippus
Phyciodes campestris montana Montana Crescent
Phyciodes campestris montana
Speyeria mormonia Mormon Fritillary
Speyeria mormonia
Nymphalis antiopa Mourning Cloak
Nymphalis antiopa
Phyciodes mylitta Mylitta Crescent
Phyciodes mylitta
Speyeria callippe nevadensis Nevada Silverspot
Speyeria callippe nevadensis
Phyciodes campestris inornatus Northeastern California Crescent
Phyciodes campestris inornatus
Chlosyne palla Northern Checkerspot
Chlosyne palla
Cercyonis pegala boopis Ox-Eyed Satyr
Cercyonis pegala boopis
Vanessa cardui Painted Lady
Vanessa cardui
Danaus gilippus Queen
Danaus gilippus
Vanessa atalanta Red Admiral
Vanessa atalanta
Polygonia satyrus Satyr Anglewing
Polygonia satyrus
Cercyonis oetus Small Wood-Nymph
Cercyonis oetus
Euphydryas chalcedona Variable Checkespot, Chalcedon Checkerspot
Euphydryas chalcedona
Vanessa annabella West Coast Lady
Vanessa annabella
Vanessa virginiensis West Virginia Lady, American Painted Lady
Vanessa virginiensis
Boloria epithore Western Meadow Fritillary
Boloria epithore
Polygonia zephyrus Zephyr Anglewing
Polygonia zephyrus
Speyeria zerene Zerene Fritillary
Speyeria zerene